Review, Volume 6: 15th November, 2007

Review, Volume 6: 15th November, 2007

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In this major new double biography, Anka Muhlstein examines the turbulent relationship between Elizabeth I of England and Mary, Queen of Scots. At this time, quite uniquely, both the thrones of the British Isles were occupied by women, which for the first time brought the issue of royal consorts to the fore. The story of these two queens is one of the most fascinating in British history.

Thomas Carlyle was a major figure in Victorian literature and a unique commentator on nineteenth-century life. Born in humble circumstances in the Scottish village of Ecclefechan in 1795, his rise to fame was marked by fierce determination and the development of a highly distinctive literary voice. In this clear, authoritative and readable biography, John Morrow traces Carlyle's personal and intellectual career. Wide-ranging, prophetic and invariably challenging, his work ranged from the astonishing pseudo-autobiography "Sartor Resartus" to major historical works on the French Revolution and "Frederick the Great", and to radical political manifestos such as "Latter Day Pamphlets". "Thomas Carlyle" is an account of his work and of his life, including celebrity as the Sage of Chelsea and his tempestuous marriage to Jane Welsh Carlyle.

Award-winning biographer Jenny Uglow follows-up books on Elizabeth Gaskell, William Hogarth and the Lunar Society with the life of Thomas Bewick. In "Nature's Engraver" Jenny Uglow tells the story of the farmer's son from Tyneside who never courted fame yet revolutionised wood-engraving and influenced book illustration for a century to come. It is a story of violent change and radical politics, of Newcastle and the Tyne, workshops and family life, mines and fells, the sea and the fierce west winds - a journey into a past whose energy and power still haunt us today, and the beginning of our lasting obsession with the natural world.

Welcome to the fabulous world of Harry Gordon Selfridge (1856-1947): father of modern retailing, philanderer, gambler, dandy and the greatest showman the consumer world has ever known. In Shopping, Seduction and Mr Selfridge, the bustle of turn-of-the-century America is thrillingly evoked by fashion PR legend Lindy Woodhead as we’re introduced to the men who created the first department stores – what Zola called ‘great cathedrals of shopping’. The young Mr Selfridge learnt his trade in the nascent metropolis of Chicago – the Dubai of its day – where riches were lost as quickly as fortunes were made. Moving to London in 1907, Harry Selfridge lived through the tumult of the First World War and the glittering excesses of the 1920's when he lost millions at the gaming tables in France before being ousted from his store in 1939. His seductive talents extended much further than the shop floor too, as he racked up a lengthy list of female companions over the years. To this irrepressible man, ‘the store was a theatre with the curtain going up at 9 o’clock’: Shopping, Seduction and Mr Selfridge tells the story of what happened before the curtain fell.

Review, Volume 6: 15th November, 2007 - History

Please feel free to forward this issue to your friends and associates. Anyone can subscribe for free:

Gary Polland
3411 Richmond Ave., Ste. 770
Houston, TX 77046
(713) 621-6335

HAPPY THANKSGIVING! Election 2007 - Ominous Trends For Conservatives

Low turnout and spending increases funded by bond issues characterized this year's election cycle in Texas.

Conservative setbacks at Houston's City Hall occurred primarily due to an uninspired, uninformed electorate with generally weaker conservative candidates or multiple conservatives piled into certain races. It's interesting with such low turnout, a conservative push could have borne fruit, but didn't.

As for bonds, school districts who voters think are doing a good job, won handily. Those who are not, like the Houston Independent School District, struggled and could have been beaten with more conservative opposition.

The GOP base remains dispirited, and even worse, there are ominous trends for Texas' future. In Virginia, where the GOP has been strong but weakening over the last few years, the Democrats took over the state Senate and had major pick-ups in the House. The scary trend saw major pick-ups in suburban, traditionally GOP areas and the tide spreading to the outer suburbs.

If you transfer this scenario to Texas, it spells doom for conservatives.

So what to do? 2008 for Texas conservatives is an all hands on deck election. We must find the right candidates, support them and give the GOP base a reason to be excited and motivated. Right now we are on three flat tires, fundraising is in the toilet and counting on running against Hillary Clinton is not enough. More on this in future issues of TCR.

U.S. Energy Sufficiency
Depends Upon The Greens
By Bud Schauerte

The nation owes a huge debt of gratitude to the "greens". Those single-minded environmental activists who have achieved conspicuous success over the years in awakening the public to the ecological abuses of an earlier, careless, and more wasteful society.

Who hasn't winced upon seeing clouds of factory smoke settle over a choking city, or cringed at the sight of industrial sewage being dumped in a fresh water stream, or whiffed the pungent odor produced by chemicals in the refining process? (Refineries and chemical plants along the Houston Ship Channel in the 1950s come to mind.)

If you are at the age that these incidents and other environmentally reckless conduct is not completely familiar, then thank the pioneers of what has come to be known as the "Green Revolution." This writer is old enough to have seen, smelled, and tasted the noxious burn created by the excesses, years ago, of unconstrained chemical processing.

Mostly unorganized in the early 1900s, but far from dormant, the greens began to coalesce in the early 1940s and 1950s with the savvy realization that not much can be achieved in our democracy without political clout. It was valuable knowledge learned and creatively implemented originally by the 115-year-old Sierra Club, which pestered state and federal officials for decades while winning impressive legislative victories that created, improved, and expanded the nation's public parks.

The Green Revolution was as wide open as a church door. Everyone who walked through was made to feel needed. The best and the brightest, the young and the old, Republicans and Democrats alike soon created a voting constituency which politicians believed was made in heaven. They still do. Even when suspicions today arise about their motives, the environmental movement retains enormous political power at the state and federal levels.

Landmark legislative victories in the U.S. Congress must have made the environmental movement feel unassailable, almost godlike. The green influence over the law circumscribes every component of American society.

The Air Pollution Control Act, 1955 the National Environmental Policy Act, 1969 the Wilderness Act, 1964 the Toxic Substances Control Act, 1976 the Water Pollution Control Act, 1972 and creation of the Super Fund in 1980 are some of the new laws which elevated the influence of the environmental movement, and especially the 750,000 member Sierra Club, from the beginning a dominant player in the Green Revolution.

With egos reinforced over decades of legislative victories, the Sierra Club and other such groups have made the unwarranted presumption that limiting U.S. petroleum production---and simultaneously industrial growth---is a moral responsibility taking precedence over national security and our standard of living.

The green influence now pervades every aspect to our nation's business and commerce. It manifests itself in interminable and costly environmental impact studies, onerous regulatory burdens on all forms of construction, and cumbersome restrictions on the production and transportation of crude oil on every landscape and offshore venue where oil already has been found.

Cynically, the Sierra Club, on its website, makes the preposterous claim that the current lack of oil refining capacity in the U.S. is an oil industry conspiracy "to limit supply and increase profits." Never mind that for the period 2006 to 2012 alone, the nation's crude oil refiners are being forced to comply with 14 new and major environmental programs limiting the construction of new U.S. oil refineries, according to The Wall Street Journal.

The U.S. can no longer afford the luxury of NOT exploiting the availability of fossil fuels, the most versatile and abundant energy source on earth. The limits-on-growth agenda of the Sierra Club and similar environmental groups cannot be allowed to prevail over the nation's demand for energy. The U.S. standard of living and national security depends upon a reliable, long term, and economic sources of power.

Concerned people today are rediscovering the possibilities of economic exploitation of tar sands in Canada and Venezuela shale oil deeply buried in Colorado, Utah and Wyoming and abundant U.S. coal reserves said to last more than 500 years. So much coal that reserves cannot be accurately estimated. (Texas has the ninth largest coal reserves in the nation.)

Turning coal into liquid hydrocarbons, such as gasoline and oil, is a process developed and perfected almost a century ago. It was the primary source of fuel used by the German war machine during World War II.

Coal, tar sands, and shale oil all cost more to convert into liquids. Also, the conversion process is potentially more harmful to the environment. But at the present cost of about approaching $100 per barrel for crude oil, all three sources of hydrocarbons have become competitive alternatives to crude oil.

The U.S. is the world's largest energy producer, consumer, and net importer of energy. It is eleventh worldwide in reserves of oil, sixth in natural gas and first in coal. About 20% of U.S. energy is nuclear generated. (In France about 80% of the nation's energy is nuclear.)

Yesterday, significant contributions toward the restoration and maintenance of the natural environment emerged from those who joined and participated in the Green Revolution of the 1940s and 1950s. That Revolution demanding a cleaner and more healthy environment is long past. Today it has been replaced with the objective of limited national growth.

It cannot be allowed to become the legacy of our nation.

Bud Schauerte is a contributing editor and independent insurance agent in Austin, Texas. Schauerte served as Federal Insurance Administrator in the Federal Emergency Management Administration under former President George Bush and he also served as primary election administrator for the Travis County Republican Party in 1996.

Mediocre Public Education:
Is That All We Are Getting?
By Brian Ettinger

The present state of public education system in Texas and throughout the nation is to encourage our students to work at a mediocre level. Public schools used to teach our students to strive to reach their full potential, but over the last 40 years these goals have eroded.

In the 1960s and 1970s our public education system developed a curriculum to teach our students from 1st grade to 12th grade to be proficient readers, writers, mathematicians and other courses, which taught the children to be able to reach their academic potential. There were programs designed after the elementary and middle school years which provided students their basic foundation, so in High School they could take an academic curriculum which would lead to college or a trade program to learn an occupation.

Somehow during the ensuing decades a shift in priorities has produced students who are not prepared to reach their full potential. This will affect both our State's and Nation's ability to compete in a global economy. Public education has failed and continues to fail our children by not providing them the knowledge and skills to succeed.

One of the major issues affecting the typical American classroom is the system known as inclusion which places special education students in the least restrictive environment. This setting is typically a regular education classroom with students of average or greater abilities. Teachers are required to adjust the curriculum to meet the varying needs of all these students. Tests are modified so that most students will pass and the reputation of individual schools and their districts do not suffer. Special Education teachers are required to plan for and try to meet academic needs of students performing at a variety of levels within their classrooms. I am not advocating the segregation of special education students from the school population. There are many different diagnoses such as ADD, ADHD, Autism, dyslexia, and Down's syndrome that fall under the umbrella of special education. It is a very honorable to think that by putting these students in the normal classroom, they would assimilate and be able to keep up with the devised curriculum. The educators who came up with this system have no concept of what the average teacher has to go threw to prepare lesson plans and present work so the students to can learn the subject. Having the special education students in the classroom is a disruptive factor and does not do justice to the teachers or students. However, this has proven to be an unrealistic and near to impossible expectation to both the students and teacher.

A viable alternative to inclusion would be to designate certain schools within a district as "Open Campuses". These sites would work closely with Master teachers and parents to develop educational plans to help these students reach their full potential. This plan would maximize the tax dollars spent on the education of all students. The school districts in the State of Texas have the responsibility over these students through the age of 22 yrs. old. I would like for our tax dollars to be spent wisely and provide the training so these students can be gainfully employed and have the same success as any other student.

As long as our classrooms try to meet the widely ranged needs of so many diverse students, the education and mainstream students will suffer. These students should not be penalized by the loss of instructional time now being spent on special education students.

I know that upon reading this article, the reader could make an assessment that I am trying to segregate special education students from the normal population. This is not the case and any educator who takes the time to visit with the teachers, including the Special Ed teachers will understand the dilemma they are working under. I am not an educator nor a teacher but a parent and have seen my three children go through the public education school system in the State of Texas.

Let's not lose site that the purpose of the public school system is to provide our students with the best education program for them to learn and reach their potential to be productive adults.

Let the State of Texas lead the nation by getting rid of the inclusion system which has been a total failure and will continue to make our students fail in the next decade and forward.

Brian Ettinger is contributing editor to TCR and a practicing attorney, strong conservative and a concerned citizen about America's future.

COMING December 2, 2007 on Channel 8 PBS in Houston, Texas - The Connection - Red, White & Blue, featuring TCR Editor Gary Polland and liberal commentator David Jones with our guest D. Michael Lindsay , professor of sociology at Rice University and author of the new book " Faith in Politics " and coming On December 28, 2007, New York Times liberal columnist Paul Krugman faces off with the boys in an exciting half-hour.

Gary Polland is a long-time conservative and Republican spokesman, fund-raiser, and leader who recently completed three terms as the Harris County Republican Chairman. During his three terms, Gary was described as the most successful county Chairman in America by Human Events - The National Conservative Weekly . He is in his tenth year of editing a newsletter dealing with key conservative and Republican issues. The last six years he has edited Texas Conservative Review . Gary is a practicing attorney and strategic consultant. He can be reached at (713) 621-6335.

Reliability at massive scale is one of the biggest challenges we face at, one of the largest e-commerce operations in the world even the slightest outage has significant financial consequences and impacts customer trust. The platform, which provides services for many web sites worldwide, is implemented on top of an infrastructure of tens of thousands of servers and network components located in many datacenters around the world. At this scale, small and large components fail continuously and the way persistent state is managed in the face of these failures drives the reliability and scalability of the software systems.

This paper presents the design and implementation of Dynamo, a highly available key-value storage system that some of Amazon's core services use to provide an "always-on" experience. To achieve this level of availability, Dynamo sacrifices consistency under certain failure scenarios. It makes extensive use of object versioning and application-assisted conflict resolution in a manner that provides a novel interface for developers to use.

PDF Archives

Are you developing a classic grounded theory? Do you have data that could be resorted and further developed into a new grounded theory? Are you working on a formal theory, or are you reflecting on a methodological issue? We invite you to submit your paper for consideration for the next issue of Grounded Theory Review, which is published in late December and June each year.

The database of the Grounded Theory Review now contains more than a hundred articles on classic grounded theories—from either a methodological or a theoretical perspective. We would like to expand the open access database with more grounded theories that truly demonstrates the interdisciplinary potential of the classic grounded theory method. Following the 50th anniversary wish of GT’s co-founder Dr. Barney Glaser, we would like to see a conglomerate of new grounded theories that span a wide array of disciplines and topics and that demonstrate general applicability and conceptual strengths in diverse social contexts. The theories will be peer reviewed by experienced members of the advisory board of the Grounded Theory Review.

Please submit your paper no later than April 1 for the June edition and September 15 for the December edition.

F iona P aisley and P amela S cully . Writing Transnational History R oland W enzlhuemer . Doing Global History: An Introduction in 6 Concepts.

Bruce Robbins, F iona P aisley and P amela S cully . Writing Transnational History R oland W enzlhuemer . Doing Global History: An Introduction in 6 Concepts., The American Historical Review, Volume 125, Issue 5, December 2020, Pages 1809–1811,

When historians try to go beyond the nation, as many have in recent decades, what difference does it make to the history they write? What difference should it make? These two Bloomsbury introductions—Writing Transnational History, by Fiona Paisley and Pamela Scully, and Doing Global History: An Introduction in 6 Concepts, by Roland Wenzlhuemer—offer a welcome opportunity to inquire.

To judge from the Paisley and Scully volume, the exemplary transnational process is colonialism, and the proper subject of transnational history is colonialism’s victims. At first glance, their book is a kind of annotated bibliography of scholarship devoted to that subject—extremely informative for a nonhistorian like me and also presumably for disciplinary neophytes, though the genre does not demand.

Population Evacuation: Assessing Spatial Variability in Geophysical Risk and Social Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

Developing an effective evacuation strategy for hurricane zones presents challenges to emergency planners because of spatial differences in geophysical risk and social vulnerability. This study examines spatial variability in evacuation assistance needs as related to the hurricane hazard. Two quantitative indicators are developed: a geophysical risk index, based on National Hurricane Center and National Flood Insurance Program data, and a social vulnerability index, based on census information. These indices are combined to determine spatial patterns of evacuation assistance needs in Hillsborough County, Florida. Four evacuation dimensions are analyzed: population traits and building structures, differential access to resources, special evacuation needs, and a combination of variables. Results indicate that geophysical risk and social vulnerability can produce different spatial patterns that complicate emergency management. Different measures of social vulnerability also confound evacuation strategies and can result in ineffective practices. It is argued that careful consideration be given to the characteristics of local populations.

Review, Volume 6: 15th November, 2007 - History

Labor Taxes, Productivity and Tax Competition (with A. Lahiri)

On the Polarization of Party Platforms (with B. Eyigungor)

Self-fulfilling Debt Crises, Revisited (with M. Aguiar, H. Cole and Z. Stangebye) ( revised, Feb ད ) PDF

The Firm Size and Leverage Relationship and Its Implications for Entry and Business Concentration (with B. Eyigungor) ( revised, Oct ཐ ) PDF

A Quantitative Theory of the Credit Score (with D. Corbae, K. Dempsey and J-V. Rios-Rull) ( Sep ཐ ) PDF

Policy Inertia, Election Uncertainty and Incumbency Disadvantage of Political Parties (with B. Eyigungor), Review of Economic Studies, 87(6), November 2020, pp. 2600-2638, PDF

Endogenous Political Turnover and Fluctuations in Sovereign Default Risk (with B. Eyigungor), Journal of International Economics, 117, March 2019, pp. 37-50.

A Tractable City Model for Aggregative Analysis (with B. Eyigungor), International Economic Review, 58 (1), 2017, pp.127-155.

Quantitative Models of Sovereign Debt Crises (with M. Aguiar, H. Cole and Z. Stangebye), Handbook of Macroeconomics (Ed. J.B. Taylor and H. Uhlig), Vol 2B, 2016, pp. 1697-1755.

Continuous Markov Equilibria with Quasi-Geometric Discounting (with B. Eyigungor), Journal of Economic Theory, 163 (May), 2016, pp. 467-494.

A Seniority Arrangement for Sovereign Debt (with B. Eyigungor), American Economic Review, 105(12), 2015, 3740-3765.

Quantitative Analysis of the US Housing and Mortgage Markets and the Foreclosure Crisis (with B. Eyigungor), Review of Economic Dynamics, 18(2), 2015, pp. 165-184.

Entry and Exit, Product Variety and the Business Cycle (with R.Cooper), Economic Inquiry, 52(4), 2014, pp.1466-1484.

Insuring Student Loans Against the Financial Risk of Failing to Complete College (with F. Ionescu) Quantitative Economics, 3(3), 2012, pp. 393-420.

Dealing with Consumer Default: Bankruptcy vs Garnishment (with G. Gordon) Journal of Monetary Economics, 59, Supplement , 2012, pp. s1-s16.

Maturity, Indebtedness, and Default Risk (with B. Eyigungor) American Economic Review, 102(6), 2012, pp. 2674-2699.

Spinoffs and the Market for Ideas (with E. Rossi-Hansberg) International Economic Review, 53 (1), 2012, pp. 53-93.

A Finite Life, Private Information Theory of Unsecured Consumer Debt (with D.Corbae, J-V. Rios-Rull) Journal of Economic Theory, 142(1), 2008, pp. 149-177.

A Quantitative Theory of Unsecured Consumer Credit with Risk of Default (with D.Corbae, M.Nakajima and J-V.Rios-Rull) Econometrica, 75(6), 2007, pp. 1525-1589.

Aggregate Welfare Costs of Great Depression Unemployment (with D.Corbae) Journal of Monetary Economics 54(6), 2007, pp. 1529-44

Urban Density and Rate of Invention (with G.Carlino and R.Hunt) Journal of Urban Economics 61(3), 2007, pp. 389-415

Monetary and Financial Forces in the Great Depression (with D. Corbae) New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics

Employment Deconcentration: A New Perspective on America’s Postwar Urban Evolution (with G. Carlino) Journal of Regional Science, 42, 2002, pp.455-475.

Aggregate Metropolitan Employment Growth and Deconcentration of Metropolitan Employment (with G. Carlino) Journal of Monetary Economics, 48, 2001, pp. 549-583.

Minimum Consumption Requirements: Theoretical and Quantitative Implications for Growth and Distribution (with B. Ravikumar) Macroeconomic Dynamics, 3, 1999, pp. 482-505.

Money and Finance with Costly Commitment (with D. Corbae) Journal of Monetary Economics, 37(2-3), 1996, pp. 225-248.

Comment on "Inflation, Financial Markets, and Capital Formation," (by S. Choi, B.D. Smith and J.H. Boyd) Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 78 (3), 1996, pp. 38-39.

Valuation Equilibria with Transactions Cost, (with D. Corbae) American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, May 1995, 287-290.

Transitional Dynamics and the Distribution of Wealth in a Neoclassical Growth Model Journal of Public Economics, 54, 1994, 97-119.

Strategic Complementarity in Business Formation: Aggregate Fluctuations and Sunspot Equilibria (with B. Ravikumar and R. Cooper) Review of Economic Studies, 60, 1993, pp. 795-811.

Comment on "Price and Output Stability Under Alternative Monetary Policy Rules," (by J.E. Gagnon and R.W. Tryon) Operating Procedures and the Conduct of Monetary Policy, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. [Proceedings] No. 1 pt. 2, 1993.

Endogenous Market Participation and the General Equilibrium Value of Money (with Dean Corbae) Journal of Political Economy, 100, June 1992, pp. 615-646.

A Neoclassical Model of Seasonal Fluctuations (with B. Ravikumar) Journal of Monetary Economics, 29, No.1, 1992, pp. 59-86.

Multiplicity of Equilibria and Fluctuations in Dynamic Imperfectly Competitive Economies (with R. Cooper) American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, May 1989, 353-57.

Debt Dilution and Seniority in a Model of Defaultable Sovereign Debt (with B. Eyigungor) PDF

Do Supply Restrictions Raise the Value of Urban Land? The (Neglected) Role of Production Externalities (with B. Eyigungor) PDF

Foreclosures and House Price Dynamics: A Quantitative Analysis of the Mortgage Crisis and the Foreclosure Prevention Policy (with B. Eyigungor) PDF

A Quantitative Assessment of the Role of Agglomeration Economies in the Spatial Concentration of U.S. Employment PDF

Competitive Theories for Economies with General Transactions Technologies (with D. Corbae) PDF

A Welfare Comparison of Pre- and Post-WWII Business Cycles: Some Implications for the Role of Postwar Macroeconomic Policies (with D. Corbae) PDF

A Neoclassical Approach to the Puzzling Seasonal Behavior of Aggregate Output and Sales (with B. Ravikumar) PDF

On the Optimality of Eliminating Seasonality in Nominal Interest Rates PDF

Chapter 11 for Countries?, Economic Insights, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Second Quarter 2016 link

Debt Overhang: Why Recovery from a Financial Crisis Can be Slow, Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Second Quarter 2013 (Reprinted in The Credit and Financial Management Review, Volume 19, No.3, Third Quarter, 2013).

A Theory of Asset Price Booms and Bust and the Uncertain Return to Innovation, Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Fourth Quarter 2011.

De-Leveraging and the Financial Accelerator: How Wall Street Can Shock Main Street, Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Second Quarter 2010.

The Peopling of Macroeconomics: The Microeconomics of Aggregate Consumer Expenditures, Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, First Quarter 2009.

The Economic Logic of Fresh Start, Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, First Quarter 2008.

The Long Run Effects of the Bankruptcy Reform Bill, Research Rap, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, July, 2006.

Ores and Scores: Two Examples of How Competition Engendered Productivity Miracles, Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, First Quarter, 2005.

Agglomeration Economies: The Spark that Ignites a City? Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, Third Quarter, 2003.

The Taylor Curve and the Unemployment-Inflation Tradeoff, Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia Third Quarter 2002 LINK

Why Does Countercyclical Monetary Policy Matter? Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia Second Quarter 2001 (Reprinted in Boletin, Centro De Estudios Monetarios LatinoAmericanos, XLVII, No. 4, October-December, 2001).

From Cycles to Shocks: Progress in Business Cycle Theory, Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia March/April 2000.

Real Business Cycles: Legacy of Countercyclical Policies? Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, January/February 1999 (Reprinted in The Region, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, March 1999 and The Credit and Financial Management Review, Volume 5, No.4, Fourth Quarter, 1999).

Homeownership, Taxes, and the Allocation of Residential Real Estate Risks, Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, September/October, 1996.

Productivity Growth and the American Business Cycle, Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia September/October, 1995.

Making More Out of Less: The Recipe for Long Run Growth, Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia May/June, 1994.

Leaning Against the Seasonal Wind: The Case for Seasonal Smoothing of Interest Rates, Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, March/April, 1993

The Quality of Mandatory Disclosure: the Impairment of Goodwill. An Empirical Analysis of European Listed Companies

The paper presents the results of an empirical analysis on the quality of the mandatory disclosure of IAS 36 – impairment of assets. The analysis focuses, in particular, on the disclosure of goodwill.

The aim of the paper is to verify if companies disclose the information required by IFRS on the impairment of goodwill. The international financial crisis has lead many companies to recognize impairment losses on goodwill or to verify twice (or more) a year whether impairment losses were generated. The increasing relevance assumed by goodwill in the financial statement of companies has led disclosure to become an extremely important issue. IAS 36 defines that companies shall disclose, among others, the carrying amount of goodwill allocated to the cash generating unit (CGU), the basis on which the unit's recoverable amount has been determined, the discount rate applied to the cash flow projections, etc. Many studies have been conducted on the quality of voluntary disclosure of impairment and the results show that the disclosure index is very low. Thus, our paper aims at verifying if, first of all, the mandatory disclosure is shown in the notes of the consolidated financial statement. Consequently, an empirical analysis was carried out of the consolidated financial statements of the groups listed on the Italian, French, German and Spanish Stock Exchanges and belonging to the main indexes of the above-mentioned markets (FTSEMIB40, CAC40, DAX30, IBEX35). The sample is made up of 141 consolidated financial statements referring to the year 2010. The methodology of research is based on the use of the disclosure index (Botosan, 1997). The results are surprising: they show that the disclosure index is very low and there are wide differences between the stock markets analyzed. A question arises from the evidence: why is the quality of mandatory disclosure so poor? Standard setters, practitioners and academics must deal with this topic.

Journal of Management Development

The purpose of this paper is to establish the relationship between intellectual capital (IC) and employees' productivity (EP) in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region.

Leadership style effect on virtual team efficiency: trust, operational cohesion and media richness roles

The purpose of this article is to explain the effect of leadership styles on a virtual team efficiency, assuming the existence of mediating variables (media richness&hellip

Spiritual leadership and intention to stay: examining the mediating role of employee voice behaviour

Spiritual leadership focuses on intrinsically motivating the workforce though shared values, attitudes and behaviours and is about achieving organizational excellence&hellip

君子 Junzi leadership in Singapore: governance and human capital development

This paper provides insights as to how a Confucian-inspired Junzi style of leadership translates into initiatives toward human capital development in Singapore. After&hellip

Meeting effectiveness and task performance: meeting size matters

The purpose of this study was to investigate how a key meeting design characteristic, meeting size, affects the relationship between meeting effectiveness and task&hellip

The National Review Archive (1955-present)

Search and display the full text of leading journal of opinion since its inception in 1955 by William F. Buckley Jr. The National Review consistently provides insightful and unique coverage of political, economic, social, and cultural issues and trends. With its hallmarks of style, wit, and intelligence, National Review does much more than merely render facts and commentary it clarifies the real causes, principles, and philosophies underlying today’s and tomorrow’s most important issues.

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6 responses to &ldquo The National Review Archive (1955-present) &rdquo

I am interested in subscribing to the National Review archives 1955 to the present

Hi, John
The National Review archives and other library-subscribed databases are licensed for use only by members of the Carnegie Mellon University community. Temporary permission to use databases in-house can be obtained by registering with photo ID at the circulation desk in any CMU library.

Cindy Carroll
Dean’s Office
University Libraries

Your search just stated there are there are no results for Whittaker Chambers , and a second one said the same for Ayn Rand. Yet another source nearby gave me both in 1957, Chambers reviewing Atlas Shrugged. with several other related sources. Why does you site give me so little, that is, NOTHING? The other site was near yours whem I googled National Review Archives . Matt @ [email protected]

See reply to later message.

NRO Archives got me all this yoursite got me nothing Why?
Big Sister Is Watching You – Whittaker Chambers – National Review …
Oct 12, 2007 – Whittaker Chambers writes on NRO: Several years ago, Miss Ayn Rand wrote The Fountainhead. Despite a generally poor press, it is said to ……/flashback
Ayn Rand and Whittaker Chambers, Cont’d – By Richard M. Reinsch …
Aug 25, 2010 – Richard M. Reinsch writes on NRO: Jason Lee Steorts’s interesting response to my comments elucidates the rationale for the modern separation ……/ayn-rand-and-whittaker-chambers-contd-richard-m-reinsch
Re: Ayn Rand and Whittaker Chambers – By Jason Lee Steorts – The …
Aug 24, 2010 – Jason Lee Steorts writes on NRO: Many thanks to Richard Reinsch for his comments on my Ayn Rand/Whittaker Chambers piece.…/re-ayn-rand-and-whittaker-chambers-jason-steorts
Big Sister Is Watching You – Whittaker Chambers – National Review …
Oct 12, 2007 – Whittaker Chambers writes on NRO: Several years ago, Miss Ayn Rand wrote The Fountainhead. Despite a generally poor press, ……/flashback. .
Ayn Rand and Whittaker Chambers – Jason Lee Steorts – National …
Aug 24, 2010 – Jason Lee Steorts writes on NRO: In writing “The Greatly Ghastly Rand” for NR’s current print issue, I wanted to evaluate Ayn Rand foremost ……/ayn-rand-and-whittaker-chambers-jason-lee-steorts
Re: Ayn Rand and Whittaker Chambers – By Richard Reinsch – The …
Aug 24, 2010 – Richard Reinsch writes on NRO: Jason Lee Steorts’s thoughtful essay on Ayn Rand, and his piece evaluating Whittaker Chambers’s famous review ……/re-ayn-rand-and-whittaker-chambers-richard-reinsch Thanks.

Hi, Matt
The Internet being what it is, and Google being what it is, it’s impossible to predict or control what displays in Google search results. However, the National Review Archive index that CMU Libraries subscribe to, which yielded no results for you, prompting your complaint, is licensed for access by enrolled students, faculty and staff at Carnegie Mellon University only. As a user who is not affiliated with Carnegie Mellon University, you got no results from the CMU resource, which is a restricted database – but plenty of results from the NRO public web site.

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